S3 Events, EventBridge

By default, when you connect a bucket to Quilt, Quilt will create an S3 "Event Notification" that forwards events to SNS (and ultimately to SQS and Lambda) so that Quilt can keep its managed ElasticSearch up-to-date regarding changes to the underlying bucket.

The conflict

As of this writing S3 does not permit overlapping S3 event notifications. As such, services such as FSx and Quilt may clash.

The workarounds

  1. Provide Quilt with an SNS topic that receives ObjectRemoved: and ObjectCreated:

    from S3

  2. Use EventBridge to generate synthetic S3 events

  3. Avoid using S3 notifications by spinning resources (e.g. FSx clusters) up

    "just in time" to avoid the need for live notification from S3

EventBridge workaround

Suppose you wish to add the bucket Bucket to Quilt and use Bucket with FSx "always on". FSx will consume the S3 event notifications. So you can use EventBridge to send similar notifications to Quilt, thus circumventing the need for Quilt to rely directly on S3 event notifications.

You may of course script the following steps. See

  1. Create an SNS topic in the same region as Bucket

  2. For existing Quilt stacks, if you see a trail under CloudFormation > YourStack > Resources,

    Quilt will automatically add the bucket to the trail for you. Alternatively, if you provided an

    existing CloudTrail bucket to reuse a pre-existing trail, you will see that bucket under CloudFormation > YourStack > Parameters,

    and will need to explicitly add Bucket to the trail.

  3. Create an EventBridge Rule in the same region as Bucket

  4. Create an Event Pattern using Pre-defined pattern by service > AWS > S3

  5. Set Event type to "Specific operation(s)" and select the following:

    • PutObject

    • CopyObject

    • CompleteMultipartUpload

    • DeleteObject

    • DeleteObjects

  6. Select "Specific bucket(s) by name" and specify Bucket

  7. Now we specify the event Target. You will target the SNS topic

    that you created above.

  8. Specify the Input transformer as follows:

    Input Path

    {
    "awsRegion": "$.detail.awsRegion",
    "bucketName": "$.detail.requestParameters.bucketName",
    "eventName": "$.detail.eventName",
    "eventTime": "$.detail.eventTime",
    "isDeleteMarker": "$.detail.responseElements.x-amz-delete-marker",
    "key": "$.detail.requestParameters.key",
    "versionId": "$.detail.responseElements.x-amz-version-id"
    }

    Input Template

    {
    "Records": [
    {
    "awsRegion": <awsRegion>,
    "eventName": <eventName>,
    "eventTime": <eventTime>,
    "s3": {
    "bucket": {
    "name": <bucketName>
    },
    "object": {
    "eTag": "",
    "isDeleteMarker": <isDeleteMarker>,
    "key": <key>,
    "versionId": <versionId>
    }
    }
    }
    ]
    }
  9. Save the Rule.

  10. In the Quilt Admin Panel, under Buckets, add Bucket and/or set the SNS Topic

    ARN under "Indexing and notifications".

    Now Quilt will receive events directly from EventBridge and does not require S3 event notifications.

  11. Re-index the bucket using the Re-Index and Repair button, but be sure not to check the Repair checkbox, as this would attempt to create a new S3 event notification.

Known issues (EventBridge)

  1. As of this writing, the delete-objects API, which is also invoked when deleting objects with AWS console, is not compatible with the EventBridge workaround.

    Unlike native S3 events, delete-objects does not generate individual

    delete-object notifications for each object that has been deleted.

Known issues (General)

  1. Object lifecycle deletes are neither supported by S3 Events nor Quilt per AWS Supported Event Types

    You do not receive event notifications from automatic deletes from lifecycle policies or from failed operations.

    Furthermore per Lifecycle and Logging:

    Amazon S3 Lifecycle actions are not captured by AWS CloudTrail object level logging. CloudTrail captures API requests made to external Amazon S3 endpoints, whereas S3 Lifecycle actions are performed using internal Amazon S3 endpoints.